Counterfeiting is a major problem in banknotes. The history of counterfeiting is almost as extensive as the history of money itself. It’s said that even the first electrum coins in Lydia were regularly faked, and coming across counterfeit coins in Ancient Rome was a daily occurrence. To prevent counterfeiting every country includes various types of security features in their banknotes. This article talks about Common Security Features in Bank Notes, Security Features in Indian Bank Notes, Security Features of Bank Notes of the World.
Common Security Features used in Bank Notes around the World
A banknote is a paper money, comprising a cardinal or central bank promissory note to pay someone a particular sum of money on
demand. The cardinal bank varies from country to country; they are responsible for issuing currency of a particular country. Like- Reserve Bank of India (India), Reserve Bank of Australia (Australia), Bank of England (England), European Central Bank (For all European
countries- Spain, France, Italy, etc.), Federal Reserve System (USA), The People’s Bank of China, etc.
What are Central Banks,What is RBI? What do they do? explains Central Banks
Counterfeiting of currency means an imitation of bank notes with intent to fake out. Latest growth in computer technologies and
photography, along with the accessibility to low-cost tools, has made the manufacturing of fake money easy. Just to stop the counterfeiting of money, every country is updating its currency regularly by adding technical security features to its banknote, security features are of two types’ one which can be seen by naked eyes and others require the use of equipment’s like Magnifying glass, Ultra Violet lamp, the Infra-red viewer, etc.
What are Fake Notes or Forged Notes? explains What do you do when you get a fake note? How many fake notes are in India? Fake Notes or Counterfeit Notes or Forged Notes in India
Many national mints have adopted similar anti-counterfeiting technologies for their banknotes which are given below. These security features make the banknote less prone to counterfeiting. These are the special features which were added either at the time of manufacturing of banknote or in the middle of the manufacturing process. These special features are paper quality, intaglio printing, watermarks, security threads, latent image, etc. Every country has their own type of security features
Article A comparative study on security features of banknotes of various countries compares security features of Indian Rupees (), Australian Dollar ($), British Pound (£), Euro (€), American Dollar ($) and Renminbi (¥)
Polymer or Plastic Notes
The type of paper that we use in our daily lives is totally different from the type of paper used in the manufacturing of a banknote, special type of paper are used in order to give longer life to a bank note and make it more complicated to counterfeit.
Polymer banknotes are banknotes made from a polymer such as biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP). Such notes incorporate many security features not available in paper banknotes, including the use of metameric inks. Polymer banknotes last significantly longer(average life span of about five years) than paper notes, causing a decrease in environmental impact and a reduced cost of production and replacement
Polymer banknotes were pioneered in Australia in 1988, and like Canada, many countries have made the switch to polymer including the United Kingdom, Malaysia, Chile, New Zealand, and Mexico.
India does not have Polymer notes. On 17 March 2017, the Reserve Bank of India had announced that it will do trials of plastic ₹10 notes at five locations in India, Kochi, Mysuru, Shimla, Jaipur and Bhubaneswar.
Holograms: More than 300 denominations in 97 currencies use holograms for protection, making them one of the most common security features globally. They can be incorporated into designs by the way of security threads, stripes, patches and window features.
Watermarks: One of the most common security features, watermarks are created by using different thicknesses of paper in the printing process. When hit with light, an image will be illuminated.
Microtext: Tiny text, which can only be read with a magnifying glass, is a common safety feature on many bills globally.
Color-changing features: Roughly 42% of banknotes issued since 2011 use color-changing features in which parts of the note change color to the viewer depending on the angle.
Security thread: Many notes use this security feature, which consists of a thin ribbon that is threaded through the note’s paper.
Invisible marks: Notes can also incorporate ink or markings that are only visible in fluorescent or infrared light, making them invisible to the naked eye.
Infographic of Security Features in Indian Notes
The infographic explains the various security features in Indian Notes
Infographic of Security Features of Bank Notes of the World
This infographic from Visualcapitalist details 10 popular banknotes from around the world, including the anti-counterfeiting measures that have been taken for each note