Indian and International Numbering: Lakhs,Crores,Millions,Billions

The Indian Numbering system is different from the International Numbering in terms of Names and Placement of Commas. What is The Indian Numbering system, How does it differ from International Numbering? How does Lakh, Crores compare with Millions and Billions? What are Numbers in Bollywood Mumbaiya Hindi?

India’s 2019 population is estimated at 1.365 billion which is 136.5 crores.

Indian’s GDP $2.716 trillion or 27.16 kharab US dollars

Indian vs International Number System Lakhs, Crores, Millions and Billions
Indian vs International Number System Lakhs, Crores, Millions and Billions

Indian Numbering System

The most widely and globally used system of numbers is Hindu-Arabic number system. In the classical period of Indian mathematics (400 AD to 1200 AD), important contributions were made by scholars like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Bhaskara II, and Varāhamihira.

  • The decimal number system in use today was first recorded in Indian mathematics.
  • Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of zero as a number, negative numbers, arithmetic, and algebra
  • In addition, trigonometry was further advanced in India, and, in particular, the modern definitions of sine and cosine were developed there.
  • These mathematical concepts were transmitted to the Middle East, China, and Europe and led to further developments that now form the foundations of many areas of mathematics.

Hindu number system was invented by Indian mathematicians between the 1st and 4th centuries. Later, by the 9th century, this system was adopted by Arabic mathematicians and finally, this came to be known as Hindu-Arabic number system. It future spread to Europe.

Hindu-Arabic numbers have 10 digits or symbols: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 0. It is a place-value system where the digit zero has its own importance.

Representing a number

To write a number, the digits are placed from left to right under the places labelled as Units, Tens, Hundreds, Thousands… etc., and read accordingly. For example, consider number 393071425. This number is represented as shown below and  read asThirty-nine crores thirty lakh seventy-one thousand four hundred and twenty five.

Ten Crores Crores Ten Lakhs Lakhs Ten Thousand Thousands Hundreds Tens Unit
3 9 3 0 7 1 4 2 5

Difference between Indian and International Numbering System

  • Different Names:
    • In the Indian numeral system, the place values of digits go in the sequence of Ones, Tens, Hundreds, Thousands, Ten Thousand, Lakhs, Ten Lakhs, Crores and so on. The Indian Numbering system uses lakh or lac (100,000 or 1,00,000 in the Indian system), crore (10,000,000 or 1,00,00,000) in the Indian system to express large numbers. 
    • In International Numeral System the place values of digits go in the sequence of Ones, Tens, Hundreds, Thousands, Ten Thousand, Hundred Thousands, Millions, Ten Million and so on, in the international numeral system.
    • How many lakhs make a million?
      How many millions make a crore?
  • Placement of Comma or Separator: Commas are placed in large numbers to help us read and write them easily. In Indian and international systems, the commas are placed at different positions.
    • The Indian numbering system uses comma or separators differently from the international norm.
    • Instead of grouping digits by threes as in the international system, the grouping is done in a repeating pattern of 3,2,2 (from least significant digits).
    • As per the Indian numeral system, the first comma is placed after the hundreds place post which they are placed after every two digits. E.g., 1,23,45,67,890
    • As per international numeral system, the first comma is placed after the hundreds place, then they are placed after every three digits. E.g., 1,234,567,890


Indian system International/Western system

Five lakhs


Five Hundred Thousands


Twelve crores twelve lakh twelve thousand one hundred and twenty three


One hundred and twenty-one million two hundred and twelve thousand and one hundred and twenty-three.


One thousand seven hundred crores


Seventeen billion


Sixty-seven lakh eighty-nine thousand crores


sixty-seven trillion, eight hundred ninety billion

Video on Lakhs & Crores vs Millions & Billions

This 5-minute video talks about Lakhs & Crores and Millions & Billions

Names of Indian Numbers in Different Languages(Hindi/Tamil)

The table shows the names and what they are called in different Indian languages.

Hindi / Tamil / Telugu / Bengali / Marathi / Kannada/English Indian figure
एक /ஒன்று/ஏகம் (Ondru/Ekam) / ఒకటి (okati) / এক (êk) / एक / ಒಂದು
दस /பத்து (Pathu) / పది (padi) / দশ (dôsh) / दहा / ಹತ್ತು/ten 10
सौ /நூறு (Nooru) / వంద (vandha) / একশ (êkshô) / शंभर / ನೂರು/one hundred 100
सहस्र (sahasra) / हज़ार / ஆயிரம் (Aayiram) / వెయ్యి (Veyyi) / হাজার (hazar) / एक हजार / ಸಾವಿರ/one thousand 1,000
लाख / இலட்சம்/நியுதம் (Latcham/Niyutham) / లక్ష (Lakṣa) / লাখ (lakh) / एक लाख / ಲಕ್ಷ
one lakh (also lac)
करोड़ / கோடி (Kodi) / కోటి (Kōṭi)/ কোটি (koti) / एक कोटी / ಕೋಟಿ
one crore
अरब /सौ करोड़ (sau karoṛ) /நிகற்புதம் (Nigarputham) / వంద కోట్లు (vandha kōṭlu)/ একশ কোটি (êkshô koti) / शंभर कोटी / ನೂರು ಕೋಟಿ
one arab / one hundred crore
खरब/கணம் (Ganam) /పది వేల కోట్లు (Padi vēla kōṭlu) / দশ হাজার কোটি (dôsh hazar koti) / दहा हजार कोटी / ಹತ್ತು ಸಾವಿರ ಕೋಟಿ
ten thousand crore / one kharab / one hundred arab
पद्म / پدم (padma) / சங்கம் (Sangam) /పది కోటి కోట్లు (Padi Kōṭi kōṭlu) / হাজার লাখ কোটি (hajar lakh koti) / ಹತ್ತು ಕೋಟಿ ಕೋಟಿ
one padma / one hundred neelten crore crore
शङ्ख (शंख)/ அந்நியம் (Anniyam) / వెయ్యి కోటి కోట్లు (Veyyi Kōṭi kōṭlu) / শত হাজার লাখ কোটি(shôtô hajar lakh koti) / ಒಂದು ಸಾವಿರ ಕೋಟಿ ಕೋಟಿ
one shankh / one hundred padma / one thousand crore crore / one lakh lakh crore
गुलशन/ அர்த்தம் (Artham) / పది వేల కోటి కోట్లు (Padi vēla Kōṭi kōṭlu) / দশ শত হাজার লাখ কোটি(dôsh shôtô hajar lakh koti) / ಹತ್ತು ಸಾವಿರ ಕೋಟಿ ಕೋಟಿ
(ten shankh / ten thousand crore crore)

Numbers in Mumbaiya Hindi

Mumbai Hindi, also known as Mumbaiya Hindi, Bambaiyya, Mumbaiyya,or Mumbai Hindi is the variety of Hindi spoken in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). Bombay Hindi is widely known as a result of its frequent use in Bollywood movies(Munnabhai movies). This dialect was used to represent crooks and uncouth characters

So keshar means a 1,000 rupee note, while Ilaichi denotes a 500 rupee Note

harī pattī money पैसा (paisā) हरी पत्ती means green note, directly referring to the 500 rupee note, which is green in colour
पेटी peṭī One Lakh Rupees एक लाख रुपये (ek lākh rupaye) One hundred thousand rupees
खोका khokā One Crore Rupees एक करोड़ रुपये (ek karoṛ rupaye) Ten million rupees
तिजोरी tijorī 50 Crore or equivalent to 500 million INR. पचास करोड़ रुपये (pachaas karoṛ rupaye) 500 million rupees

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